Walking through the Maine Historical Society exhibition, Home: The Longfellow House and the Emergence of Portland, I am surrounded by beautiful objects that have been carefully preserved by MHS for centuries, each telling stories of how the Wadsworth-Longfellow House remained an anchor amidst the city’s unfolding drama. As I near the far end of the museum, I spot something out of place: a display of objects that do not seem to have been carefully preserved—there are cracked pieces of china, a mug with a hole in it, fragments of glass, mismatched buttons, a pipe that appears quite filthy, and an indiscernible object that I learn from the label is part of a man’s shoe.
What are these orphan objects and what do they have to do with each other or with the Wadsworth-Longfellow House? I read up on the display in the panel that is titled “The Privy.” Wait, isn’t a privy an outhouse?
The Brown Library at MHS was renovated a few years ago, and the adjacent Longfellow Garden had to be dismantled to allow for the crews and machines to access the building project. In 2008, workers who were rebuilding the garden wall noticed objects in the soil—broken glass and ceramics at first. This prompted an archaeological investigation by the Maine Historic Preservation Commission of the space and, according to the exhibition panel, “determined the ceramics had been thrown into a privy that was once used by residents who lived next door at 47 Brown Street.” So, these objects I’m looking at were in a latrine?
Reading on, I am relieved to learn that when Portland established a sewer system the privy was no longer needed and filled with debris—precisely the objects I see before me. These items serve as a humble reminder of how the immigrant and working class residents of the Brown Street apartments and boarding houses experienced urban living in the mid-19th century.
I am also relieved to see that, despite the fragile condition these former castaways were found in, MHS has dedicated itself to carefully preserving the privy artifacts for centuries to come.
Home: The Longfellow House & the Emergence of Portland is open daily from 10am – 5pm and has an online component on the Maine Memory Network.
This exhibition uses the House as a prism to explore how Portland has grown and changed over more than 230 years. When Peleg Wadsworth built the House on Back Street in 1785, it was on the rural outskirts of Portland. By the early 1800s, the House was at the center of a bustling, modern New England city. Since then, Portland has boomed, burned, boomed again, busted, and reemerged as a vibrant, forward-looking city. Through it all, the Wadsworth-Longfellow House has been a constant, and witness to the life of an emerging community.
Here are some images from the opening, taken by MHS Creative Manager Dani Fazio:
Learn how you can participate in the display “Your Home, Past & Present” here.
Participate in our exhibition and share your images with us!
We are interested in seeing what your home looked like in the past and how it appears today. Submit your images and we’ll install them in our exhibition Home: The Longfellow House & the Emergence of Portland and share them online. We welcome images from all towns and all states. Your childhood home, the residences of friends and family members, or intriguing houses in your area are all acceptable.
Where do I get the Pastimage?
You or a relative may have an old photo in personal collections. Maine residents may find images of homes Maine Memory Network, our statewide digital museum. Residents of Portland and the Casco Bay islands can find images from the 1924 tax assessment on Maine Memory Network.
Step 2. When you find your property, click “View & Download Record (PDF)”
Step 3. Download the PDF and print. The second page will include a large image of the property. Cut it out and use it in when creating your Past & Present image.
How do I make a Past & Present image?
Use a digital camera or smartphone to create your Past & Present image. There’s no “right way” to make an image–get creative! Here are some different ways to make your composition:
1. Hold up the printed Past picture in front of the home as it appears now. The images do not need to line up exactly, and you can see a side-by-side comparison within the frame. It’s okay if your hand is in the shot. (Submit one image)
2. Line up the printed Past image in perspective with the environment. Make a picture that is seamless between the two images. It’s okay if your hand is in the shot. (Submit one image)
3. Take a Present image of the home as it appears now, in similar perspective to the historical image. Do not include the printed historical image in your composition. (Submit two images: Past picture and Present picture)
How do I submit my Past & Present image?
Send an e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org with your digital image(s) attached. We accept files saved as JPG/JPEG, PNG, and PDF.
If you only took a Present picture and your Past picture is on Maine Memory Network, include the Item Number so we can print both images for your submission.
Please include your name, the location of the image, and a story you’d like to share about the image in the e-mail (optional). Please limit your caption to 50 words. Let us know what information you would and would not like shared.
What happens with my images?
Maine Historical Society staff will receive your submission by e-mail. Your image will be printed with or without a caption and added to the Your Home, Past & Present display in our museum exhibition. Please note that some low-resolution images may not be large enough to be made as prints. Images will rotate as new images are submitted.
Your image will also be shared on the Maine Historical Society Facebook album Your Home, Past & Present and in a slideshow on our website. MHS reserves the right to select which images will be displayed in the exhibition and when. Submissions may be removed at any time without notice.
1. Submissions begin on June 17, 2014 and will continue for one year.
2. You may submit as many images as you like.
3. Home images that show interiors and exteriors are welcome.
4. People can be in the pictures.
5. “Past” doesn’t mean 100 years old! You can determine what a historical image is.
6. Please make sure you have permission to use Past images if they are from personal collections or websites other than Maine Memory Network. If people are in your Present images, please make sure they are comfortable having their likeness on display.
7. If you do not want your images shared online, you must note that in your e-mail submission.
E-mail email@example.com and an MHS staff member will reply shortly.
Family Farm, Duck Pond Rd. in Westbrook, ca. 1895; 2012.
Park Street Block, Portland, 1962. “The block of houses between Spring and Gray streets was built in 1835 and was the largest residence row complex of its period in the state.” Present: 2014 with a few more trees!
30-32 Deering Street. Thomas Brackett Reed at his window, Portland, ca. 1900 & in 2014
30-32 Deering Street, Portland, August 26, 1902. “An excited crowd watches as President Theodore Roosevelt is greeted by former Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives Thomas Brackett Reed outside his home in Portland.” Present: June 15, 2014
Wadsworth-Longfellow House; ca. 1920 & 2014
“Anne Longfellow Pierce, sister of poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, sits in the parlor of the Wadsworth-Longfellow House on Congress Street in Portland in about 1890.” Present: June 16, 2014.
633 Congress, ca. 1930 & 2014.
44-50 Spruce Street, West End, Portland. 1924, and on June 13, 2014.